mBank – CASE Seminar Proceedings

Immigration and the Labour Market in Poland

Over the last dozen years Poland became an immigration country. The 178th mBank-CASE Seminar proceedings is devoted to this process - from various perspectives.   

The data speak for themselves. Immigration provides significant support for the Polish labour market. Poland is facing a rapid population decline. According to projections by the Ministry of Finance in 2022, by 2030 the population of Poland could decrease from the current 37.75 million to 36.6 million, and by 2050 to 34.1 million.  The percentage of people of working age will decrease, while the elderly population will increase.  

Immigration may provide a solution to this problem. In 2022, around 100,000 people from Belarus arrived in Poland, most of them actively participating in the labour market. In addition, there are 1.2 million Ukrainians who stayed in Poland after Russia's invasion of Ukraine. It is therefore necessary to develop a long-term immigration, education and social policy to retain immigrants and integrate them into society and the labour market. This is what eminent experts who have been researching migration processes for years write about in the first two chapters of these Notebooks: Dr Maciej Duszczyk, as well as Dr Agata Górny and Dr Paweł Kaczmarczyk, from the Centre for Migration Research, operating within the University of Warsaw. The third chapter is devoted to the situation of female domestic workers.

Table of Contents

Ewa Balcerowicz - Introduction p. 5-6

Maciej Duszczyk - Chapter 1: Factors and conditions in Poland’s transformation into an immigration country p. 7-14

Agata Górny, Paweł Kaczmarczyk - Chapter 2: Immigrants and war refugees from Ukraine on the Polish labour market: opportunities and challenges p. 15-33

Jan Bazyli Klakla -  Chapter 3: In the Shadows. Ukrainian Domestic Workers in Poland p. 34-44


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