Ukraine’s ports must be unblocked
Dmytro Boyarchuk’s opinion in Emerging Europe on export routes of Ukrainian grain.
"The main problem with transporting grain via rail is the difference in gauge between post-Soviet countries and the rest of the Europe. Rail wagons loaded with grain in Ukraine cannot pass freely to Poland or Romania because the wheels of the wagons do not match the railway tracks in those countries. The grain therefore needs to be re-loaded onto wagons that can use Polish railway infrastructure, increasing costs."