business climate, CIS, Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, FDI, Private sector development, innovation and knowledge-based economy, CASE Reports, CASE Network Studies and Analyses

Business Climate in CIS Countries


The paper examines the quality of the business climate in the group of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) from the prospective of the level of development of entrepreneurship, and individual countries’ attractiveness to the foreign direct investments (FDI). The analysis suggests that the main obstacles for further improvements of the business climate in this group of countries are high level of corruption, inefficiency in the existing system of tax administration and regulation, discretionary implementation of custom and trade regulations, low level of property rights protection, and macroeconomic instability. Some explanations of the historical and institutional causes of these business impediments are provided.

Although the net FDI inflow to CIS countries has been substantially increased since the time they gained independence, it’s still well bellow than in Central & Eastern Europe Countries (CEE). The number of private enterprises per capita vastly varies within the CIS countries, with some of them approaching the OECD level, but some else lagging far behind. FDI stocks also unequally distribute within the CIS group. Fuel exporting countries are better off than fuel importing countries, although the individual country’s business climate within two groups does not differ significantly.

As a conclusion, paper suggests a number of concrete public policy recommendations aiming to improve business climate in the CIS region. This paper focuses on discussing the deep systemic causes of the existing business and investment climate in the CIS, its potential negative implications for economic growth and possible cures.